Breast Cancer

What is Breast Cancer?

Breast cancer among Indian women is the most common cancer occurrence. Nearly 27.7 percent of all malignancies in 2018 were breast cancers. In this condition, the breast cells grow out of control. Breast cancer can be categorized into many types. This category is based on the type of breast cells becoming cancerous. The three major breast parts are ducts, connective tissue, and lobules. Lobules are milk-producing glands. This milk is transported to the nipples via the ducts. The connective tissue holds everything together. It is composed of fatty and fibrous tissue. Good health is extremely important for lowering the risk of breast cancer. It also increases survival rates if cancer strikes. Yet, avoiding alcohol or improving lifestyle does not guarantee to beat cancer.

Medica is proud to have the right experience and expertise in breast cancer treatment. We have more than three decades of experience in comprehensive treatment. Medica’s Oncology team boasts decades of expertise and experience with cutting-edge technology combined with the smartest minds in medical, radiation, and surgical oncology. Together with an extensive range of ancillary experts, we provide the best treatment.

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    Types

    There are four major types of breast cancers. It depends on the type of cells affected. These are:

    Carcinoma: Carcinomas are the most common breast cancer cases. This cancer starts from the organ and tissue linings.

    In-situ breast cancers: This means the cancer cells remain in their location. They do not spread to the adjacent organs or tissues. This helps in the better treatment of cancer.

    Invasive Breast Cancer: These cancers infiltrate the nearby breast tissues. They infiltrate from the glands and ducts, spreading to other areas.

    Metastatic Breast Cancer: This means cancer has metastasized. The tumor cells have moved to other organ systems or body parts.

    Recurrent Breast Cancer: Here cancer returns after some time. This occurs among patients once they have been declared cancer-free.

    Symptoms

    One of the earliest diagnoses for breast cancer can be a lump inside one or both breasts. There are various other symptoms of breast cancer. These are:

    • Breasts becoming red among non-lactating women
    • Inward-turning nipples
    • Bloody discharge
    • ‘Dimpling’ or skin irritation
    • Breast skin or nipples becoming scaly
    • Breast skin or nipples becoming thick
    • Painless lump within the underarm
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    Causes

    Breast cancer is the number one cancer among Indian women. Early detection is the most effective way to treat cancer. It is important to know the various risk factors. This can reduce risk with early detection and diagnosis. These risk factors are related to:

    Breast cancer Age

    Gender

    Age

    Age

    Breast cancer Breast Tissue

    Breast Tissue Density

    Personal History

    Personal History

    Breast cancer Family History

    Family History

    Modifiable Factors: There are risk factors that a person can modify with the right lifestyle choices. These are:

    Breast cancer Alcohol

    Alcoholism

    Breast cancer Inactivity

    Inactivity

    Breast cancer Overweight

    Overweight

    Diagnosis

    Breast cancer diagnosis combines physical examination with imaging tests. At Media, advanced equipment is used for effective and quick diagnosis. Some of the common diagnoses are:

    Physical examination: The doctor will check for unusual lump or swelling. These can be found above collarbones or under armpits.

    Mammogram: It is a type of breast x-ray. The screening is usually a routine examination.

    Ultrasound: It is recommended for extra confirmation. Doctors recommend this diagnostic test when a mammogram shows abnormalities.

    Breast MRI: Complicated cases might require an MRI of the breast for better diagnosis.

    Biopsy: A biopsy is done to confirm the diagnosis. Here sample cells from the breast tissue are examined via a microscope.

    Treatment

    Treatments depend on the progression and stage of cancer. Oncologists can tell a specific treatment or a comprehensive program. Some of the common treatment methods for breast cancer are:

    Surgery: Surgery focuses on amputating the abnormal growth of cancer cells. Two known surgical procedures are mastectomy and lumpectomy.

    Radiation therapy: High energy radiation particles or x-rays are used here. They destroy the cancer cells with the breasts. Two common radiation therapies are neoadjuvant and adjuvant radiation.

    Chemotherapy: Drugs are used that eliminate the cancerous cells. The therapy prevents the multiplication of the tumor cells, inhibiting further growth.

    Hormone therapy: It is also known as endocrine therapy. This therapy is for tumors found positive for either progesterone or estrogen receptors. Hormone estrogen affects these cancel cells.

    Targeted therapy: As the name suggests, these are targeted treatments. Targeted therapy is a focussed therapy for breast cancer. Here, the spread and growth of cancerous cells are halted using specific drugs. These drugs target the genetic coding of the cancerous cells, suppressing them.

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